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Kommerz und fromme Demut. Wirtschaftsethik und Wirtschaftspraxis im ,,Gef├╝hlspietismus"

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The essay investigates the economic ethics and practices of the Moravian Brethren in order to revise Max Weber's position towards pietism. In assuming a marked contrast between an "ascetic" calvinism resp. puritanism and an "emotional" pietism Weber underestimates not only the irrational aspects of calvinistic religiosity but also the high amount of rationality in pietistic life style and occupational work. Pietists did not strive to ensure their inner salvation by visible economic success, however they worked hard in order to build the worldwide Kingdom of God and to accelerate thereby the second coming of Christ (Reich-Gottes-Arbeit). This idea offered a theological reason for purposeful economic activity and formed a strong motivation for rationalization, ascetic lifestyle and sucess in occupational work.

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2005

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  • Founded in 1903, Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte is the oldest German periodical of social and economic history. The international, peer-reviewed journal features original articles in German, English, French and Italian.

    Today, VSWG is edited by Günther Schulz, Jörg Baten, Markus A. Denzel, Gerhard Fouquet and Hans Pohl and deals with all aspects of social history, social developments from the Middle Ages to today, as well as history of finance and economic history.

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