Componentes objetivos y subjetivos en el informe materno de la emocionalidad negativa en niños de doce meses de edad

Objective and subjective components in maternal report on infant negative emotionality in twelve-month-olds

Authors: Salinas, Carmen González; Carnicero, Jose A. Carranza

Source: Infancia y Aprendizaje, 1 February 2001, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 19-33(15)

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Abstract:

Este estudio, siguiendo el trabajo de Bates y Bayles (1984) y Mebert (1991), propone que en el informe materno sobre la emocionalidad negativa infantil puede identificarse tanto un componente subjetivo (proporcionado por características psicológicas de la madre tales como su personalidad, temperamento y salud mental), como un componente objetivo (dado por el temperamento del niño medido por observadores entrenados, y por variables sociodemográficas como el sexo). Para ello, fueron seleccionados 41 niños de 12 meses de edad (19 niñas y 22 niños). Nuestros resultados indican la presencia de dos fuentes de variación sistemática: (1) un factor objetivo especificado por el temperamento del niño medido en el laboratorio—Tono Emocional—, y (2), un componente subjetivo dado por el temperamento de la madre—Nivel de Actividad durante el sueño, Tendencia a distraer la atención y Persistencia—y por su salud mental—Síntomas somáticos de origen psicológico y Depresión—.



The study, based on Bates and Bayles (1984), and Mebert's (1991) work, sought to identify subjective and objective factors in infant's Negative Emotionality scores obtained through maternal reports. The former was obtained by assessing maternal psychological traits, such as: personality, temperament, and mental health. The latter through measures of infants' temperament assessed by trained observers together with demographic variables such as gender. Forty-one 12-month-old children (19 girls, 22 boys) were selected. As expected, our results identified two fundamental sources of systematic variation: (1) an objective factor specified by the emotional tone infants exhibited in the laboratory when assessed by trained observers; and (2) a subjective factor provided by mothers' temperament (Activity Level /Sleep, Distractibility, and Persistence) and mental health (Somatic Symptoms and Depression).

Keywords: CARACTERISTICAS MATERNAS; EMOCIONALIDAD NEGATIVA; INFANCIA; INFORME MATERNO; TEMPERAMENTO

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1174/021037001316899794

Publication date: February 1, 2001

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