Dermacentor hunteri (Acari: Ixodidae): an Experimental Vector of Anaplasma marginale and A. ovis (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) to Calves and Sheep

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The experimental vector competence of laboratory-reared Dermacentor hunteri Bishopp for Anaplasma marginale Theiler and Anaplasma ovis Lestoquard was evaluated by delayed transfer of male ticks from infected to susceptible Holstein calves and from infected to susceptible domestic sheep, respectively. After feeding for 4 or 5 d on rickettsemic acquisition hosts, the ticks were held off the host at 26°C, ≈93% RH, and a photoperiod of 14:10 (L:D) h for 7 or 8 d, then test fed for 5 or 7 d. Additionally, ticks test-fed for 5 d on 2 susceptible calves were removed, held off the host for 7 d, and test-fed for 5 d on a 3rd susceptible calf to test the tick’s ability to transmit A. marginale by delayed serial transfer. Tick transmission of A. marginale to 3 test calves and A. ovis to 3 test sheep was demonstrated by blood smear and indirect immunofluorescence serology. These data indicate that males of D. hunteri, a tick commonly found on desert bighorn,Ovis canadensis Shaw, in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, may be competent natural vectors of these organisms present in desert bighorn populations.

Keywords: Anaplasma marginale; Anaplasma ovis; Dermacentor hunteri; experimental vector competence; intrastadial transmission

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 1999

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  • Journal of Medical Entomology is published bimonthly in January, March, May, July, September, and November. The journal publishes reports on all phases of medical entomology and medical acarology, including the systematics and biology of insects, acarines, and other arthropods of public health and veterinary significance.

    The journal is divided into the following sections: Morphology, Systematics, Evolution; Sampling, Distribution, Dispersal; Development, Life History; Population and Community Ecology; Behavior, Chemical Ecology; Population Biology/Genetics; Molecular Biology/Genomics; Neurobiology, Physiology, Biochemistry; Vector Control, Pest Management, Resistance, Repellents; Arthropod/Host Interaction, Immunity; Vector/Pathogen/Host Interaction, Transmission; Vector-Borne Diseases, Surveillance, Prevention; Direct Injury, Myiasis, Forensics; Modeling/GIS, Risk Assessment, Economic Impact. In addition to full-length research articles, the journal publishes interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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