Susceptibility of 15 Mango (Sapindales: Anacardiaceae) Cultivars to the Attack by Anastrepha ludens and Anastrepha obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae) and the Role of Underdeveloped Fruit as Pest Reservoirs: Management Implications
Authors: Aluja, M.; Arredondo, J.; Díaz-Fleischer, F.; Birke, A.; Rull, J.; Niogret, J.; Epsky, N.
We evaluated the susceptibility of 15 mango cultivars to the attack of Anastrepha ludens (Loew) and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae), the main tephritid pests of this crop in Mexico. In a field experiment, bagged fruit-bearing branches were exposed
to gravid females of both fly species. Infestation rates, developmental time, adult eclosion, and F1 adult longevity, fecundity, and fertility were recorded, ranking cultivars in terms of susceptibility to fly attack and development. We also compared the volatile profile in selected resistant
and susceptible cultivars in search of possible correlations. In a second experiment, clutch size for A. ludens was determined in each cultivar. Infestation rates, developmental time, and F1 demographic parameters varied sharply among cultivars and between fly species for bagged fruit.
Cultivars ‘Vishi,’ ‘74‐82,’ and ‘Brooks’ were most susceptible to A. ludens infestation while ‘Tommy,’ ‘Sensation,’ and ‘Ataulfo “niño”’ (parthenocarpic fruit) were most susceptible to
A. obliqua infestation. ‘Edward,’ ‘Kent,’ ‘Brooks late,’ ‘Palmer,’ and ‘Ataulfo’ exhibited tolerance to attack of both fly species. Fruit of susceptible and resistant cultivars exhibited unique volatile profiles. Fly development
and F1 adult demographic parameters varied significantly among cultivars. A. ludens females laid larger clutches in larger and harder fruit. We highlight the important role of Ataulfo “niño” as pest reservoir if fruit is left unharvested on trees. We discuss the possible
use of highly resistant cultivars as trap crops or egg sinks.
Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.