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Response of Wheat Germplasm to Infestation of English Grain Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

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The English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (F.), is a destructive insect pest of wheat. In this study, wheat germplasm was evaluated for resistance and tolerance to English grain aphid infestation. Except for spikelet number/spike, the 1,000-kernel weight, spike weight, grain weight/spike, and sterile spikelet number/spike of infested plants were all significantly impacted by English grain aphid infestation. Of 292 wheat accessions, only one genotype showed English grain aphid high resistance, and most genotypes showed intermediate resistance. Tolerance index values ranged widely among all accessions, but 11 genotypes had high tolerance to English grain aphid. Different resistance and tolerance parameters were positively correlated. Five green bug-resistant genotypes had a better English grain aphid tolerance index than other genotypes. Eleven genotypes exhibited a high or moderate level of tolerance and moderate level of resistance to English grain aphid. The broad-sense heritability of 1,000-kernel weight loss rate and peak aphid density were also estimated. English grain aphid resistant and tolerant lines identified in our study will be helpful in future breeding programs.

Keywords: English grain aphid; germplasm; resistance; tolerance; wheat

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC12327

Publication date: June 1, 2013

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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