Soybean Aphid (Aphididae: Hemiptera) Population Growth as Affected by Host Plant Resistance and an Insecticidal Seed Treatment

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Abstract:

The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a significant soybean pest in the north central United States. Insecticidal seed treatments and host plant resistance are two commercially available management tools. Here we investigate the efficacy of both management tools throughout the season. Soybean lines containing the soybean aphid resistance genes Rag1, Rag2, or both Rag1 + Rag2 were compared with a near-isogenic aphid-susceptible line. Each line was grown in field plots both with and without thiamethoxam applied to the seed. Individual plants from each plot were caged and infested with soybean aphids to measure the efficacy and potential interaction of aphid resistance and thiamethoxam. Aphid population growth rate was measured for each caged plant for 9‐12 d after infestation. New cages were established each week from 34 d after planting (dap) to 92 dap to track seasonal variations in efficacy. Thiamethoxam reduced population growth only at the 42 dap time point and only for the susceptible, Rag1, and Rag2 lines. The lack of an effect of thiamethoxam on the Rag1+ Rag2 line was likely because of already high mortality from two resistance genes. Aphid resistance alone reduced population growth compared with the susceptible line at least till 55 dap for single-gene resistance and 63 dap for the two genes combined. Aphid resistance provided suppression of soybean aphid population growth throughout the season unlike the insecticidal seed treatment.

Keywords: Aphis glycines; integrated pest management; thiamethoxam

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC12495

Publication date: June 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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