Predictive Modelling of Adult Emergence in a Polyphagous Eucolaspis (Chrysomelidae: Eumolpinae) Leaf Beetle

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Abstract:

Eucolaspis sp. “Hawke's Bay” (Chrysomelidae: Eumolpinae) is a pest that inflicts huge economic loss in many organic apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards in New Zealand. The timing of control methods for this pest has been shown to be crucial for success. To aid in planning control programs, we studied threshold temperature and degree-days required for the development of Eucolaspis sp. “Hawke's Bay” pupae and modeled adult emergence in the field. Pupal development was observed at three constant temperatures. Pupae required 237.0 ± 21.67 degree-days above lower threshold temperature of 4.7°C ± 0.89°C to develop into adults. The emergence of adults was modeled with these thermal values and the model was tested for accuracy with field data. The model performed well with a precision of ±4 d. The proposed phenology model has wide applicability in monitoring and planning pest control measures.

Keywords: Chrysomelidae; bronze beetle; degree-day; phenology model; temperature

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC12363

Publication date: April 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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