Identification of a Distinct Lineage of Cacopsylla chinensis (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in Japan on the Basis of Two Mitochondrial DNA Sequences
Authors: Katoh, H.; Inoue, H.; Kuchiki, F.; Ide, Y.; Uechi, N.; Iwanami, T.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 106, Number 2, Pages 525-1074 , pp. 536-542(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Psyllids are a menacing pests of pears (Pyrus spp.) grown in temperate and subtropical regions of the world, including Taiwan and China. Pear psyllids belong to the large genus Cacopsylla (Psyllidae: Psyllinae). Among the 28 psyllid species that infest pear trees, Cacopsylla chinensis (Yang and Li, 1981) is considered the most harmful. Two psyllid outbreaks involving exotic species affected Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia variety culta) orchards in the Saga Prefecture in July and November 2011. The psyllids were morphologically identical to the summer and winter forms of C. chinensis. In this study, we performed DNA sequence analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I-leucine tRNA-cytochrome oxidase II (COI-tRNALeu-COII) and 16S rDNA regions to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships among 82 summer-form psyllids, five winter-form psyllids from several orchards in Japan, and those reported from Taiwan and China. The sequences of the COI-tRNALeu-COII and 16S rDNA regions were identical among all 87 psyllids from Japan, regardless of summer/winter forms or orchards in Saga, Japan. Comparison of nucleotide sequences and phylogenetic analysis differentiated Japanese psyllids from the Taiwanese and Chinese C. chinensis isolates, with ≈8 and 7% nucleotide difference in the COI-tRNALeu-COII and 16S rDNA regions, respectively. The results suggest that C. chinensis possess a high level of genetic variability and that the psyllids responsible for the outbreak in Saga, Japan belong to a distinct lineage of C. chinensis.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 2013
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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