Evaluation of Insecticides for Control of Overwintering Hylurgopinus rufipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

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Abstract:

A bark disk bioassay was used to assess the effectiveness of different insecticides for control of overwintering adult native elm bark beetles, Hylurgopinus rufipes (Eichoff) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Insecticides were applied to the base of the trunks of living American elm trees, Ulmus americana L., and bark disk samples were removed at intervals with a hole saw. Adult H. rufipes were exposed in bioassay chambers for which the bark disks formed the floor of the chamber. In September 2005, chlorpyrifos, permethrin, and a water control were applied to trees in five replicated blocks, and bark disk samples were taken at intervals over the following 725 d. In September 2006, chlorpyrifos, permethrin, carbaryl, bifenthrin, and a water control were applied to trees in six replicated blocks, and disk samples were removed at intervals up to 1,163 d after application. In both experiments, beetle mortality was 100% on chlorpyrifos-treated disks removed up to 725 d after treatment and, in the 2006 trial, declined thereafter. The pattern of mortality in the bifenthrin treatment did not differ significantly from that in the chlorpyrifos treatment in the 2006 experiment. Average corrected mortality on disks treated with permethrin or carbaryl declined below 100% by 11 d after application. On disks removed in the May following treatment, 248 d after application, average corrected mortality was 42‐44% on permethrin-treated disks and 26% on carbaryl-treated disks.

Keywords: American elm; Dutch elm disease; bioassay; efficacy; native elm bark beetle

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC10336

Publication date: June 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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