Effects of Cadmium Exposure on Lipid Peroxidation and the Antioxidant System in Fourth-Instar Larvae of Propsilocerus akamusi (Diptera: Chironomidae) Under laboratory Conditions

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Abstract:

Enzymatic antioxidants such as selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR), and superoxide dismutases (SOD), as well as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA, an indicator of lipid peroxidation) were determined to identify which antioxidant enzymes participate in the efficient scavenging of ROS generated upon exposure to high doses of Cd2+ in fourth-instar Propsilocerus akamusi (Tokuna) (Diptera: Chironomidae) larvae after 72-h exposure. A significant increase in MDA levels and a change in GR and GPx activities in the Cd2+-treated P. akamusi were observed. The MDA in 25.0 and 50.0 mmol/liter treatments was significantly higher than that of the control dose after 72 h exposure. GPx activity was significantly induced by Cd2+ exposure only in the 50.0-mmol/liter treatment with a 0.59-fold increase in the control. All doses of Cd2+ significantly suppressed GR activity compared with the findings for the control dose, with an inhibited rate up to 0.55-fold in the 25.0 mmol/liter Cd2+ treatment. SOD and GST activities were not altered. The results indicate that Cd2+ can induce oxidative stress as indicated by the changes in lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status. For P. akamusi, an increase in the dose that the threshold needed for defense (namely, MDA level and GPx activity) activation was achieved. From this, organisms can be hypothesized to enable cells to avoid oxidant stress up to a certain extent where damage is again measurable (higher Cd2+ concentration).

Keywords: Cd2+; Propsilocerus akamusi; antioxidant defenses; lipid peroxidation; oxidative stress

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC10109

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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