Improvement of Egg Hatch of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) for Enhanced Output

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Abstract:

Embryonated eggs of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) genetic sexing strain (GSS), VIENNA 8 were treated with low concentrations of five disinfectants—formaldehyde, iodine, sodium hypochlorite, peracetic acid, and quaternary ammonium—for decontamination and egg hatch improvement. The newly laid eggs were successfully treated with formaldehyde at 100 ppm for 1 min with 74.2% hatching and with quaternary ammonium at 150 ppm for 1 and 2 min with 70.4 and 69% hatching, respectively. Increased formaldehyde concentration may have affected the embryos, because it resulted in a decrease in the hatching percentage. However, egg viability was not impaired and hatch was not affected by quaternary ammonium treatment compared with controls and eggs treated with other disinfectants. Quaternary ammonium shows promise for decontaminating eggs and improving egg hatch.

Keywords: Mediterranean fruit fly; disinfection; eggs; quaternary ammonium; rearing

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC10065

Publication date: February 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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