Field Response of Mediterranean Fruit Flies to Ceralure B1 Relative to Most Active Isomer and Commercial Formulation of Trimedlure
Authors: Jang, Eric; Khrimian, Ashot; Holler, Timothy
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 103, Number 5, October 2010 , pp. 1586-1593(8)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:In a field test to examine attractancy of Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), relative to release rates, equal moles of racemic ceralure B1 and trimedlure isomer C were compared on cotton wicks. Data were collected at 2, 4, and 7 d. The substrates were analyzed for longevity and overall persistence in the field. Ceralure B1 was equally attractive as trimedlure C for the first 2 d and significantly more so at 4 and 7 d based on trap counts of captured male Mediterranean fruit flies. Residue analysis of weathered wicks showed that the trimedlure C lasted for just 2 d in our field evaluations, whereas ceralure B1 had measurable material present after 7 d. Thus, based on the amounts of chemicals released, ceralure B1 was more active even in the first 2 d. Ceralure B1 also was formulated in a plastic matrix (ceralure coin) at three different dosages and tested for attractancy in the field against a 2-g trimedlure plug. A 150-mg ceralure B1 coin was equally attractive as a commercial 2-g trimedlure plug, whereas a 300-mg coin was significantly more attractive during a 6‐8-wk deployment. Although our results clearly show that ceralure B1 is a superior attractant to trimedlure, costs of synthesis need to be considered as part of an overall program management strategy.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-10-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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