Laboratory Evaluation of Verbutin as a Synergist of Acaricides Against Larvae of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)
Authors: Li, Andrew Y.; Davey, Ronald B.; Miller, Robert J.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 103, Number 4, August 2010 , pp. 1360-1364(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Synergistic effects of verbutin, a member of aryl alkynyl derivatives, to three commonly used acaricides were evaluated with the modified Food and Agricultural Organization Larval Packet Test (FAO-LPT) against both susceptible and resistant strains of the southern cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini) (Acari: Ixodidae). These tick strains demonstrated various levels of resistance to coumaphos (2.5-8.2×), permethrin (57.9-711.7×), and amitraz (3.5-177.5×). Verbutin alone was more toxic to tick larvae than piperonyl butoxide (PBO), a conventional pesticide synergist. With synergism ratios (SRs) ranging from 1.5 to 6.0, verbutin was more potent than PBO (SR = 0.9-1.6) in synergizing coumaphos toxicity to resistant tick larvae. Similarly, verbutin (SR = 1.8-15) was also found to be more potent than PBO (SR = 0.9−2.5) in synergizing amitraz in resistant tick strains. Both verbutin and PBO significantly increased permethrin toxicity to larvae of all tick strains tested, and there was no significant difference between the two synergists. SRs ranged from 2.1 to 4.4 and from 2.1 to 3.6 for PBO and verbutin, respectively.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2010-08-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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