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The tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is an economically important pest of the Americas. Females of this species copulate multiple times during their lifetimes, and the presence of sperm from multiple males inside them could allow for a diversity
of paternal genotypes in the offspring, unless there was complete precedence of sperm from the first mating. If a female copulates with a male that is insecticide-susceptible and another male that is insecticide-resistant, her progeny could vary in their resistance phenotypes. In some cases,
this could impact the evolution of insecticide resistance in a population. We designed a series of experiments to determine whether Bacillus thuringiensis susceptibility is maintained when an H. virescens female that is homozygous for a genetically recessive form of B.
thuringiensis resistance copulates with a Cry1Ac-susceptible and a Cry1Ac-resistant males. During the lifetime of double-copulated females, a proportion of F1 progeny were Cry1Ac-resistant. This indicates that when a B. thuringiensis-resistant H. virescens
female copulates with two males, with one male being resistant to Cry1Ac, some of the progeny will carry resistance to this insecticide. Due to the polyandrous nature of this species, the above-mentioned scenario is not unrealistic; therefore, results from this study may help understand and
manage the evolution of B. thuringiensis-resistance in field populations.
Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.