Susceptibility to Organophosphate Insecticides and Activity of Detoxifying Enzymes in Spanish Populations of Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

Authors: Rodríguez, Marcela A.; Bosch, Dolors; Sauphanor, Benoît; Avilla, Jesús

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 103, Number 2, April 2010 , pp. 482-491(10)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

The mechanisms associated with resistance of codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), to organophosphate insecticides in pome fruit orchards have been shown to depend on the area. Our objectives were to evaluate the susceptibility of Spanish codling moth populations to chlorpyrifos-ethyl, azinphos-methyl, and phosalone, and the activity of three enzymatic systems reported to be involved in resistance. Eleven field populations and a susceptible strain used as a reference were tested using a bioassay consisting in the topical application of a diagnostic concentration on postdiapausing larvae. The enzymatic activity of mixed function oxidases (MFO), glutathione transferases (GST), and esterases (EST) was measured in postdiapausing larvae and adults. A significant decrease in the efficacy of the organophosphates was observed for all field populations, although the decrease was smaller in the case of chlorpyrifos-ethyl. No differences between sexes were detected. In postdiapausing larvae, the activity of the three enzymatic systems was higher in all the field populations than in the susceptible population. The possible implication of EST in codling moth insecticide resistance is reported for the first time in European field populations. In adults, only MFO and GST were implicated. Codling moth resistance to organophosphates in Spanish populations must be taken into account in the implementation of antiresistance strategies.

Keywords: Cydia pomonella; bioassay; detoxifying enzymes; organophosphates; resistance detection

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC09249

Publication date: April 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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