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Oviposition in Sweet Cherry by Reproductively Mature Western Cherry Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Fed Spinosad and Neonicotinoid Insecticide Baits

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Abstract:

Western cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis indifferens Curran (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a major pest of sweet cherry, Prunus avium (L.) L., in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Spinosad bait is applied weekly to kill flies before they develop eggs, but its effects on oviposition by reproductively mature flies are unknown. In this study, the main objective was to identify insecticide bait treatments that can prevent oviposition after being ingested by reproductively mature R. indifferens. First, flies were fed liquid bait. Of flies fed spinosad bait, 20% oviposited and all died within 1 d. Of flies fed acetamiprid + sucrose, 72% oviposited after 1 wk, and all recovered from paralysis within 1 d. Of flies fed spinosad bait + acetamiprid, 7% oviposited and most died within 1 d. None of the flies fed spinosad bait + thiamethoxam oviposited and all died within 1 d. Of flies fed thiamethoxam + sucrose, 2% oviposited and most died within 1 d. None of the flies fed spinosad + thiamethoxam + sucrose oviposited and all died within 1 d. Of flies fed spinosad + sucrose, 11% oviposited and almost all died within 1 d. Next, flies were fed 2-d-old dried baits. No flies fed dried spinosad + thiamethoxam + sucrose and thiamethoxam + sucrose oviposited. On the basis of absolute numbers of eggs laid by flies fed liquid and dried treatments, spinosad + thiamethoxam + sucrose may be the most effective of the seven insecticide baits tested for preventing oviposition by reproductively mature R. indifferens.

Keywords: Rhagoletis indifferens; acetamiprid; egg laying; spinosad bait; thiamethoxam

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC09271

Publication date: April 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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