Development of Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers for Tropical Tasar Silkworm Antheraea mylitta

Authors: Saha, M.; Mahendran, B.; Kundu, S. C.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 101, Number 4, August 2008 , pp. 1176-1182(7)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Antheraea mylitta (Drury) is a tropical tasar-silk producing insect. Its populations occupying different ecological and geographical regions show a certain degree of phenotypic variability, for which they are known as “eco-races.” The eco-races are exploited for tasar silk production, and they are classified on the basis of their geographical distribution and morphology, which is often misleading when their systematic position is considered. To understand the genetic variability among the different eco-races, we used the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method. Eighty random decamer primers were taken for RAPD amplifications. In total, 415 reproducible bands were used to generate a distance matrix, and for the subsequent clustering with unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic average. The number of polymorphic bands detected by each primer ranged from 5 to 24, with a mean value of 14.1 per primer. Percentage polymorphism was 81.9, and genetic distance values ranged from a minimum of 0.0108 between Modal and Nalia eco-races to a maximum of 0.0244 between Modal and Andhra local. The RAPD profiles obtained using A14, BC07, and C17 primers substantially differentiate all 10 commercially important eco-races, and the phylogenetic tree obtained from the data closely follows their geographical separations.

Keywords: eco-races; genetic variability; morphological traits; polymorphism; tasar silk worm

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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