Consumption of Sugars by Anastrepha suspensa (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Authors: Nigg, H. N.; Schumann, R. A.; Stuart, R. J.; Etxeberria, E.; Yang, J. J.; Fraser, S.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 100, Number 6, December 2007 , pp. 1938-1944(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:We were interested in determining the feeding response of the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), to various sugar concentrations to develop an improved bait for adults. We compared the consumption of 0.01–1.00 M concentrations of glucose, fructose, raffinose, and sucrose in no-choice tests for 24-h- and 6-d-old male and female flies. Sucrose was the most consumed sugar or within the most consumed group of sugars at 0.02–0.20 M concentrations. There were no differences in consumption among sugars at 0.01, 0.40, and 1.00 M. Consumption generally increased with increasing sugar concentration except that sucrose consumption peaked at 0.20 M. Twenty-four-hour females consumed less fructose than other sugars; 24-h males consumed more sucrose than fructose or raffinose, with an intermediate response to glucose. Females in the 6-d group consumed more sucrose than the other three sugars, whereas 6-d males exhibited no difference in consumption among sugars. In choice tests, flies consumed more sugar solution than water, but the difference between 0.20 M fructose and water was not significant for 24-h males or 24-h females. In choice tests between 0.20 M fructose and 0.20 M sucrose, both 24-h and 6-d females showed a preference for fructose. Males of both age classes showed no preference. These results indicate that the responses of flies to different sugars can vary by sugar, gender, and age.
Document Type: Short Communication
Publication date: 2007-12-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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