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Response of Resistant and Susceptible Brachiaria spp. Genotypes to Simultaneous Infestation with Multiple Species of Spittlebugs (Hemiptera: Cercopidae)

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Abstract:

The response of one susceptible and three resistant Brachiaria spp. (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) genotypes to individual or combined attacks by nymphs of Aeneolamia varia (F.), Aeneolamia reducta (Lallemand), Zulia carbonaria (Lallemand), and Zulia pubescens (F.) was studied. We assessed the effect of infesting plants of the susceptible check BRX 44–02 and of the A. varia-resistant genotypes CIAT 6294 and CIAT 36062 with A. varia, Z. carbonaria, or Z. pubescens either alone or in two-species combinations. In a second trial, we studied the performance of BRX 44-02, CIAT 6294, and the multiple resistant clone SX01NO/0102 exposed to individual or combined attack by A. reducta and Z. carbonaria. In a third trial, we compared the response of BRX 44-02, CIAT 6294, and CIAT 36062 to individual A. varia, Z. carbonaria, or Z. pubescens attack as opposed to a combined three-species attack. Plant damage scores and percentage of nymphal survival were recorded in all three trials. Data on percentage of survival indicated that competition between and among spittlebug species occurs. However, we found no evidence of interaction between species competition and different levels of resistance to spittlebug. Rather, host genotype reactions conformed to previously known categories of resistance regardless of the presence of more than one spittlebug species. Resistance rather than competition seems to have been the overriding factor determining nymph survival and resistance expression (damage scores) in these experiments. Our results corroborate the need to develop brachiariagrass genotypes with multiple resistance to spittlebugs.

Keywords: Brachiaria; competition; multiple resistance; spittlebug

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493(2007)100[1896:RORASB]2.0.CO;2

Publication date: December 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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