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Influence of Wolbachia Infection on the Fitness of the Stored-Product Pest Liposcelis tricolor (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae)

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Abstract:

Wolbachia are maternally inherited intracellular bacteria (Rickettsiaceae) that infect a wide range of arthropods and nematodes and that are associated with various reproductive abnormalities in their hosts. In this study, the effects of removal of Wolbachia infection on development, survival, and reproduction of Liposcelis tricolor Badonnel (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae) were investigated in laboratory. The Wolbachia-free strain was obtained by the removal of Wolbachia infection by using 1% rifampicin treatment on the Wolbachia-infected strain (control) for 4 wk, and no Wolbachia gene product was detected in this strain throughout the experiment. The results showed that the removal of Wolbachia infection had negative effects on the fitness of L. tricolor. Compared with the control strain, the Wolbachia-free strain (both in the first [F1] and second [F2] generation) had prolonged developmental times, reduced survivorship of immature stages, and reduced fecundity and longevity, resulting in much smaller r m values. Using r m values, the fitness for Wolbachia-free F1 and F2 relative to the control were calculated as 0.45 and 0.27, respectively. The results of this study further confirmed our previous conclusion that Wolbachia infection have positive effects on fecundity and fertility of L. tricolor, and for optimal reproduction of L. tricolor, Wolbachia must be present in psocids.
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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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