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Population Dynamics of a Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Variant in East Central Illinois Commercial Maize and Soybean Fields

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Abstract:

Three on-farm sites in Iroquois County, IL, each containing an adjacent 16.2-ha commercial production maize, Zea mays L., and soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., field, were monitored for western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), adults from June through September 1999–2001. Mean captures of D. v. virgifera adults as measured with Pherocon AM yellow sticky traps were significantly greater in maize than in soybean. Overall mean numbers of D. v. virgifera adults captured with vial traps were significantly greater in soybean than in maize. Emergence cage data revealed that after 50% emergence of D. v. virgifera adults occurred, peak captures of D. v. virgifera adults occurred in maize as measured with vial and Pherocon AM traps. After maize reached the R2 (blister stage, 10–14 d after silking) stage of development and 90% emergence of D. v. virgifera adults had occurred, peak captures of D. v. virgifera adults were observed in soybean by using vial and Pherocon AM traps. Also, after maize reached the R2 stage of development, numbers of females significantly increased in soybean and decreased in maize. Captures of female D. v. virgifera adults frequently exceeded published economic thresholds in soybean, regardless of trap type used. Estimated survival of variant D. v. virgifera (egg to adult) in these commercial rotated maize fields was 10.7 and 9.4% from 1999 to 2000 and from 2000 to 2001, respectively. This compares with nonvariant D. v. virgifera survival estimates in continuous maize production systems in Iowa of 6.7 and 11% from 1983 to 1984 and from 1984 to 1985, respectively.

Keywords: emergence; maize; phenology; soybean

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493(2007)100[1104:PDOAWC]2.0.CO;2

Publication date: August 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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