Thresholds and Management Strategies for Aulacorthum solani (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Greenhouse Pepper
Authors: Sanchez, J. A.; Cánovas, F.; Lacasa, A.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 100, Number 1, February 2007 , pp. 123-130(8)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Economic injury level (EIL) and economic threshold (ET) were established for Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in greenhouse pepper, Capsicum annuum L. The high toxicity of the salivary secretion of A. solani produces deformation and decoloration of leaves, complete plant defoliation, and unmarketable deformed fruits at high densities. Low, high and null infestation rate treatments provided a broad range of population densities to determine the relationship between yield and the cumulative A. solani-days (CAD). In all infested compartments, A. solani reached a very high population density that eventually produced the complete defoliation of the plants and losses in total and marketable yield. At low A. solani density, pepper plants showed a tolerance response. Generalized Additive Models (GAM) and Gompertz equation were used to determine the relationship between yield and CAD. Both models explained a high proportion of the variance and described well the relationship between the two variables. However, GAM predicted the tolerance phase of the yield–CAD relationship more satisfactorily. The theoretical damage curve predicted by GAM describes a tolerance, compensation and a linearity part. EIL was estimated at 57 CAD. ET was established at 20 CAD to prevent aphid density from reaching EIL within the gap between sampling periods.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2007
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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