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Investigation of Resistance Mechanisms to Fipronil in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

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The SZ-F strain of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) was derived from a field-collected strain (SZ) by 20 generations of continuous selection with fipronil. The selection resulted in 300-fold increase in resistance to fipronil, and 3.5- and 6.5-fold cross-resistance to dieldrin and endosulfan, respectively, in the SZ-F strain compared with the unselected SZ strain. Analysis of detoxification enzyme activities and bioassay with synergists indicated that metabolic mechanisms are not important to fipronil resistance of the SZ-F strain and that the fipronil resistance is most likely attributed to target site insensitivity. The genomic DNA fragments flanking the second membrane-spanning region of Rdl γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor gene from P. xylostella, PxRdl, were cloned and sequenced. A single allele of the PxRdl gene (encoding A302 or allele PxRdl-Ala) was found in both the Roth (susceptible) and SZ strains. In addition to the wild-type allele PxRdl-Ala, the resistant SZ-F strain carried a mutant PxRdl allele with the conserved amino acid replacement A302GCC→ S302TCC (allele PxRdl-Ser). The mutant PxRdl-Ser allele frequency in the SZ-F strain was 30%. After treatment of 20 mg/l fipronil on the SZ-F strain, the PxRdl-Ser allele frequency in the survivors increased to 57%. High frequency of the PxRdl-Ala allele remaining in the resistant SZ-F strain suggested that the A302S mutation in the PxRdl gene is partially associated with fipronil resistance and that other mutation(s) in the PxRdl gene or other Rdl-like subunit(s) may contribute to fipronil resistance.

Keywords: GABA receptor; Plutella xylostella; Rdl; fipronil; insecticide resistance

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-99.3.914

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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