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Virulence of a Nucleopolyhedrovirus to Neodiprion abietis (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae)

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Abstract:

Different larval stages of balsam fir sawfly, Neodiprion abietis (Harris) (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae), were challenged by different concentrations of a nucleopolyhedrovirus in the laboratory to determine larval susceptibility to the virus and to test treatment effects of the virus on the sawfly survivors. The results indicated that younger larvae were more susceptible to the virus than older instars. The speed of larval death depended on the larval age and the virus concentration. Generally, the virus killed second or third instars in ≈5 d and fourth or fifth instars in 10–12 d at concentrations of 107 polyhedral inclusion bodies (PIB)/ml. The virus had profound treatment effects on sawfly survivors. Feeding activity of the survivors was reduced by >40% compared with that of the control group, pupal weight by ≈25%, and adult emergence by >30%. There was also a higher percentage of male adults in the virus-treated groups than in the control.

Keywords: Neodiprion abietis; larval susceptibility; lethal time–mortality; nucleopolyhedrovirus; virus effects on survivors

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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