Development of a Bacillus thuringiensis-Based Assay on Lygus hesperus

Authors: Wellman-Desbiens, Élisabeth; Côté, Jean-Charles

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 98, Number 5, October 2005 , pp. 1469-1479(11)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) is an economically important insect pest controlled primarily by chemical pesticides. Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner is a gram-positive bacterium, which upon sporulation produces a parasporal inclusion body, the crystal. The latter, in some strains, exhibits specific insecticidal activities against lepidopteran, coleopteran, or dipteran pests. The aim of the present work was to develop a Bacillus thuringiensis-based assay on L. hesperus. Several factors involved in the expression of the B. thuringiensis insecticidal activity were assayed for their effects on L. hesperus mortality. We show that the choice of the L. hesperus diet type, the L. hesperus developmental stages, the B. thuringiensis crystal alkaline solubilization buffers, the dialysis buffers, the dialyzed solubilization buffers, and the proteolytic activation can all significantly affect the L. hesperus viability. This work provides essential information in pinpointing key steps before the establishment of a thorough screening program for B. thuringiensis strains expressing antihemipteran activity.

Keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; Hemiptera; Lygus hesperus; δ-endotoxins

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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