Acaricidal and Cytotoxic Activities of Extracts from Selected Genera of Australian Lamiaceae
Authors: Rasikari, Heidi L.; Leach, David N.; Waterman, Peter G.; Spooner-hart, Robert N.; Basta, Albert H.; Banbury, Linda K.; Forster, Paul I.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 98, Number 4, August 2005 , pp. 1259-1266(8)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Crude foliar extracts of 67 species from six subfamilies of Australian Lamiaceae were screened by whole organism contact toxicity on the polyphagous mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) by using a Potter precision spray tower. Cytotoxicity assessments against insect cell lines from Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Drosophila melanogaster (Meigen) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) also were made. The Spodoptera cell line was more susceptible to extracts than the Drosophila cell line. No direct correlation was observed between the two screening methods, but several interesting relationships were identified. Extracts from subfamilies Ajugoideae, Scutellarioideae, Chloanthoideae, Viticoideae and Nepetoideae showed acaricidal activity, whereas only those from Ajugoideae and Nepetoideae displayed potent cytotoxic effects. A range of activities was observed for the 25 species of Plectranthus, 14 of which showed moderate-to-high contact toxicity against T. urticae. Overall, the lowest toxicity was observed for extracts from the plant subfamily Prostantheroideae, which showed little contact toxicity or cytotoxicity for the 18 extracts studied.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 2005
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
- Editorial Board
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Information for Advertisers
- Visit this journal's homepage
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites