Detached Leaf Assay to Screen for Host Plant Resistance to Helicoverpa armigera

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Abstract:

The noctuid Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) is a major insect pest of chickpea Cicer arietinum L., pigeonpea Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., peanut Arachis hypogaea L., and cotton Gossypium spp., and host plant resistance is an important component for managing this pest in different crops. Because of variations in insect density and staggered flowering of the test material, it is difficult to identify cultivars with stable resistance to H. armigera across seasons and locations. To overcome these problems, we standardized the detached leaf assay to screen for resistance to this pest in chickpea, pigeonpea, peanut, and cotton under uniform insect pressure under laboratory conditions. Terminal branch (three to four fully expanded leaves) of chickpea, first fully expanded leaf of cotton, trifoliate of pigeonpea, or quadrifoliate of peanut, embedded in 3% agar-agar in a plastic cup/jar of appropriate size (250–500-ml capacity) infested with 10–20 neonate larvae can be used to screen for resistance to H. armigera. This technique keeps the leaves in a turgid condition for ≈1 wk. The experiments can be terminated when the larvae have caused >80% leaf damage in the susceptible check or when differences in leaf feeding between the resistant and susceptible checks are maximum. Detached leaf assay can be used as a rapid screening technique to evaluate germplasm, segregating breeding materials, and mapping populations for resistance to H. armigera in a short span of time with minimal cost, and under uniform insect infestation. It also provides useful information on antibiosis component of resistance to the target insect pest.

Keywords: Helicoverpa; detached leaf assay; resistance screening; transgenics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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