Biology of Hylobitelus xiaoi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a New Pest of Slash Pine, Pinus elliottii

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Abstract:

The biology of the weevil Hylobitelus xiaoi Zhang was studied in both field and laboratory in Shangyou, Jiangxi Province, China. This species required 2 yr to complete one generation with overwintering by adults in pupal chambers and larvae in galleries in the bark of host trees. Adults emerged from early March to early April and fed on the inner bark of branches of the trees. Adults fly little. Adults exhibited a diel periodicity, climbing up the trees around sunset and returning to the tree base the next morning. The mean preovipostion period was 46 d. Oviposition commenced in early May and ended in late August. The average fecundity per female was 36 eggs. Overwintered adult females and males lived 208 and 227 d, respectively. At 25°C, the mean egg incubation period was 13 d. In the field, egg hatch occurred in 12–15 d with 83% survival. There were five to seven instars. At 25°C, duration of the larval stage averaged 129 d. Pupation commenced in late August. At 25°C, pupation averaged 20 d. In the field, pupation required 20–26 d. Transformation to adults occurred from late September to October. New adults remained in the pupal chambers until the next year. Infection by Beauveria bassiana Vuill. occurred in 0.8% of the pupae and 8.8% of the overwintered adults.

Keywords: Hylobitelus xiaoi; Pinus elliottii; biology

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2004

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