Boll Injury and Yield Losses in Cotton Associated with Brown Stink Bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) during Flowering

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Abstract:

Brown stink bug, Euschistus servus (Say), was infested on cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., plants during reproductive stages to determine the effects on boll injury and seedcotton yield. During each week in 2002 and 2003, significantly more bolls with ≥1 injured locule, bolls with ≥2 injured locules, and bolls with discolored lint were recorded on stink bug-infested plants compared with that on noninfested plants. Significantly fewer bolls displayed external injury on the boll exocarp compared with bolls with only internal locule injury. Boll injury was significantly underestimated by the presence of external symptomology. The boll population increased 6.6- and 5.1-fold from weeks 1–5 in 2002 and 2003, respectively. There was a corresponding 6.2- and 4.6-fold increase in 2002 and 2003, respectively, for total bolls injured from weeks 1–5. Percentage of boll injury ranged from 10.7 (week 4) to 27.4 (week 2) in 2002 and from 9.2 (week 3) to 16.0 (week 2) in 2003. Percentage of injury was greatest during weeks 1 and 2 in both years and also in week 5 in 2002. Brown stink bug significantly reduced seedcotton yield of bolls present on cotton plants during weeks 1, 2, and 5 in 2002 and in weeks 4 and 5 in 2003. However, total seedcotton yield, as a function of bolls exposed to brown stink bug and subsequent bolls produced on plant in the absence of stink bugs, was not significantly different for plots infested during weeks 1–4 in 2002 and weeks 1–3 in 2003. Flowering period and boll population influence the severity of stink bug injury on seedcotton yield. Infestation timing and number of bolls should be considered, in addition to insect densities, when initiating treatments against brown stink bug.

Keywords: Euschistus servus; boll injury; integrated pest management; sampling

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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