Parasitism of Obliquebanded Leafroller (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) in Commercially Managed Michigan Apple Orchards

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Abstract:

The obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), is one of the major arthropod pests of apple in the United States. In 1999 and 2000, a survey of the obliquebanded leafroller parasitoid complex in commercially managed apple orchards in Michigan’s two largest fruit production regions was conducted to determine the species present and their importance to obliquebanded leafroller population management. In total, 8,961 obliquebanded leafroller larvae were collected of which 2,174 were parasitized. Parasitism increased from the overwintering generation to the summer generation for both regions and both years. In 1999, 11% of the 1,126 overwintering obliquebanded leafrollers collected were parasitized, whereas 28% of the 3,669 summer generation were parasitized. In 2000, 8% of the 489 overwintering obliquebanded leafrollers collected were parasitized, whereas 26% of the 3,677 summer generation obliquebanded leafrollers collected were parasitized. In total, 20 species of hymenopteran and dipteran parasitoids from seven families were recovered from obliquebanded leafroller larvae over the course of the study. The most abundant hymenopteran parasitoids were Bassus dimidiator Nees (Braconidae) comprising 48% of the total parasitoids, followed by Colpoclypeus florus (Walker) (Eulophidae) (8% of the total) and Macrocentrus linearis (Nees) (Braconidae) (2% of the total). Dipteran parasitoids (Tachinidae) accounted for 36% of the parasitism and were largely comprised of Nilea erecta (Coquillett) (5%) and Actia interrupta Curran (13%). These collections represent new host records for B. dimidiator, Bassus annulipes (Cresson) Hyphantrophaga blanda (Osten Sacken), and Compsilura concinnata (Meigen). The parasitoid C. florus is also reported from Michigan for the first time.

Keywords: Braconidae; Tachinidae; apple; biological control; parasitoid community

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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