Formulation with an Optical Brightener Does Not Increase Probability of Developing Resistance to Spodoptera frugiperda Nucleopolyhedrovirus in the Laboratory
Authors: Martínez, Ana-Mabel; Caballero, Primitivo; Villanueva, Maider; Miralles, Nagore; San Martín, Ivan; López, Estíbaliz; Williams, Trevor
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 97, Number 4, August 2004 , pp. 1202-1208(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Stilbene-derived optical brighteners can markedly enhance the insecticidal activity of certain baculoviruses. We evaluated the influence of an optical brightener on the rate at which Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) developed resistance to nucleopolyhedrovirus (SfMNPV). Two laboratory colonies of S. frugiperda were inoculated with an LC50 of SfMNPV, in the absence or presence of the optical brightener Tinopal LPW (0.1%), over a period of two and 11 generations, in the first and second experiment, respectively. Compared with the initial susceptibility of the insect colony, resistance ratios of 11- and 12-fold were observed after two generations of treatment with SfMNPV + Tinopal LPW and SfMNPV alone. Similar, but variable degrees of resistance were observed in the long-term experiment with resistance ratios of 8- to 35-fold after seven to 11 generations. The presence of Tinopal LPW alone, or in mixtures with SfMNPV, did not cause any systematic change in insect resistance in either experiment. At the end of the long-term experiment, debilitating effects on pupal weight, adult fecundity, and longevity were observed in the insects exposed to Tinopal LPW alone or in mixtures with SfMNPV, but the pattern of such effects among treatments differed in each generation. We conclude that optical brighteners are unlikely to affect the rate of development of resistance to nucleopolyhedroviruses applied as biological insecticides.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2004-08-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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