Geographic Variation in Susceptibility of Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins in China

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Abstract:

Geographic variation in the susceptibility of the striped stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in China to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticidal crystal proteins Cry1Ac and Cry1Ab was studied to establish baseline information for comparing the future response of populations with increased exposure to Bt products. Rice is the major host of C. suppressalis, and Bt rice may be released in China in the near future. Twelve populations of the pest were collected from the major rice-growing regions of China. LC50 estimates were determined for all populations for Cry1Ac and for eight populations for Cry1Ab. The bioassay results indicated that the range of LC50 in neonate larvae to Cry1Ac and Cry1Ab was from ≈15 to ≈157 mg (AI)/L and ≈2 to ≈34 mg (AI)/L, respectively. LC50 values were lower for Cry1Ab than for Cry1Ac, and there was a significant positive correlation between the two toxins tested.

Keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; Chilo suppressalis; China; susceptibility

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-96.6.1838

Publication date: December 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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