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Resistance to Greenbug (Heteroptera: Aphididae) Biotype I in A egilops tauschii Synthetic Wheats

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The greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), is a major pest of wheat in North America, reducing U.S. wheat production by $60 to $100 million each year. In this research, 149 wheat lines containing genes from Aegilops tauschii (Coss.) Schmal. were evaluated for resistance to greenbug biotype I. More than 50% of the lines sustained moderate foliar chlorosis from greenbug feeding, and approximately one third of all the lines were highly resistant. All lines with chlorosis scores similar to the resistant control ‘Largo’ expressed high levels of antibiosis, producing greenbug populations with mean weights ranging from 0.05 to 11.8 mg. There was no significant difference between greenbug weights on these lines and those reared on ‘Largo’, but the mean weight of individuals reared on the susceptible control ‘Thunderbird’ was significantly greater than those reared on ‘Largo’ or any of the test lines. The mean population size of greenbugs produced on plants of each line was significantly correlated with mean greenbug weight. Tolerance was not evident in any of the lines examined, but was unexpectedly apparent in ‘Thunderbird’ at a level similar to that in the tolerant control cultivar ‘Largo’.

Keywords: Aegilops tauschii; Schizaphis graminum; antibiosis; tolerance; wheat

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-96.5.1571

Publication date: October 1, 2003

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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