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Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases in the Cotton Bollworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Tissue Difference and Induction

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Differences in the microsomal P450 monooxygenase system and its inducibility by pentamethylbenzene (PMB) and naphathalene (NA) were investigated in midgut and fatbody tissues of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Boddie), larvae. Orthogonal array design was used to establish the optimal conditions for measuring Aldrin epoxidation (AE). The optima for AE were similar for the midgut and the fatbody, at a temperature of 30°C, pH 7.4, and a time of 10 min. In comparison to fatbody, the midgut had higher levels of total cytochrome P450s, p-nitroanisole O-demethylation (ODM) and AE. In vivo administration of 0.2% PMB or 0.2% NA resulted in higher microsomal protein content and levels of total cytochrome P450 as well as the two examined monooxygenase activities. Total cytochrome P450 and ODM activity were induced to a greater degree in the fatbody. In the midgut, PMB was significantly more effective on ODM than NA. Differences existed in SDS-PAGE profiles between the midgut and the fatbody. The induction of the midgut with PMB and of the fatbody with NA and PMB resulted in marked intensification of the protein bands with molecular masses of 59,100, 53,400, 50,400 Da.

Keywords: Helicoverpa armigera; cotton bollworm; cytochrome P450 monooxygenase; induction; tissue difference

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-96.4.1283

Publication date: August 1, 2003

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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