Susceptibility of Leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from Organic and Conventional Orchards to Azinphosmethyl, Spinosad, and Bacillus thuringiensis
Authors: Smirle, Michael J.; Lowery, D. Thomas; Zurowski, Cheryl L.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 96, Number 3, June 2003 , pp. 879-884(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Populations of obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana Harris, and three-lined leafroller, Pandemis limitata Robinson, were obtained from seven sites in the Okanagan and Similkameen Valleys of British Columbia and assayed for their responses to three insecticides using a leaf disk bioassay. Lethal concentration ratios (LCRs) were calculated for all populations compared with a susceptible laboratory colony of C. rosaceana; significant variation was detected in response to all three insecticides. LCRs were 0.86–15.52 for azinphosmethyl, 0.38–2.37 for spinosad (Success), and 0.58–4.89 for Bacillus thuringiensis (Foray). Correlation analysis indicated no cross-resistance among the three insecticides. Leafroller populations obtained from apple orchards managed with organic production practices were more susceptible to azinphosmethyl than leafrollers obtained from conventionally managed sites. Conversely, the highest levels of tolerance to B. thuringiensis were observed in the populations from organic sites, possibly reflecting usage patterns; B. thuringiensis is one of the few insecticides allowed under organic production guidelines. All populations were highly susceptible to spinosad, which may be a useful tool for resistance management programs if used judiciously.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 2003
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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