Categories of Resistance at Different Growth Stages in Halt, a Winter Wheat Resistant to the Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae)
Authors: Hawley, Charles J.; Peairs, Frank B.; Randolph, Terri L.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 96, Number 1, February 2003 , pp. 214-219(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:This study was designed to categorize the resistance to the Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko), resistant hard red winter wheat, Halt, as compared with susceptible wheat, TAM 107, at four different growth stages. Antixenosis was expressed in Halt at growth stage Zadoks 30. Antibiosis in Halt affected fecundity, number of aphids produced per reproductive day, maximum number of nymphs produced in one day, and intrinsic rate of increase. Fecundity was lower on Halt than TAM 107, and more nymphs were produced on both varieties at growth stage 20 than 10 and 40. Fewer nymphs were produced per reproductive day and on maximum production days by aphids reared on Halt than by those reared on TAM 107. The intrinsic rate of increase of Russian wheat aphids reared on Halt was lower than aphids reared on TAM 107. Differences in plant height and plant dry weight did not occur. Chlorosis ratings showed greater damage at the earlier stages in Halt and TAM 107 and significantly more damage in TAM 107 than Halt at growth stages 10, 20, and 30. Leaf rolling occurred on infested plants of TAM 107 at growth stages 10, 20, and 30, but not growth stage 40. Halt plants did not exhibit leaf rolling. The presence of a significant level of tolerance could make Halt compatible with other integrated pest management programs. However, care should be taken with cultivars containing evidence of antixenosis or antibiosis that could cause selective pressure on the Russian wheat aphid, potentially causing biotypes to be produced.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2003
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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