Genetics and Fitness Costs of Cyromazine Resistance in the House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae)

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The genetic basis of cyromazine resistance was investigated in the house fly, Musca domestica L. The ED-R strain, which was collected in Mississippi and selected further in the laboratory, was 116.5-fold resistant compared with the laboratory susceptible strain, OR-S. The SEL strain, which was created by crossing ED-R with OR-S followed by three cycles of reselection and backcrossing to OR-S, was 84.7-fold resistant relative to the susceptible strain. Mortality data from reciprocal crosses of resistant and susceptible flies indicated that resistance was autosomal and not influenced by maternal effects. The relative position of probit lines from the parental strains and reciprocal crosses showed that resistance was expressed as an incompletely dominant trait with D = 0.30 and 0.32 for ED-R and SEL, respectively. To determine the number of genes involved, models of one, two, three, four, and five loci were used to compare observed and expected mortality of F1ED-R × susceptible backcross. Resistance was best described by a polygenic model of three loci when equal and additive effects of loci were assumed. Another approach, which was based on phenotypic variances, showed that n E, or the minimum number of freely segregating genetic factors for ED-R, equaled 3.07. ED-R showed greater reductions in fitness compared with SEL independent of the presence or absence of sublethal concentrations of cyromazine. These data suggested that reduced fitness was not due to deleterious pleiotropic effects of the resistance genes themselves but arose from other loci in the ED-R genotype.

Keywords: Musca domestica; cyromazine; fitness; genetics; resistance

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2002

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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