Tomicus piniperda (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) Initial Flight and Shoot Departure Along a North-South Gradient

Authors: Poland, Therese M.; Haack, Robert A.; Petrice, toby R.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 95, Number 6, December 2002 , pp. 1195-1204(10)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

The exotic pine shoot beetle, Tomicus piniperda (L.) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), established in the north central and northeastern United States (U.S.) and adjacent regions in Canada, is regulated by a federal quarantine that restricts movement of pine material during specific times of the year based on the beetle’s life history. Although climatic variation occurs across T. piniperda’s range, a single set of dates is used for timing the movement of pine logs. We monitored T. piniperda spring flight, fall shoot departure, and air and internal tree temperatures at three sites along a 300-km north-south gradient in Michigan and Indiana. We also estimated dates for initial spring flight (12°C threshold) and fall shoot departure (0°C threshold) across an 850-km gradient using historical temperature records (1901 to 1999). Average daily temperatures in fall 1997 (8 October to 12 December) and spring 1998 (20 February to 21 April) were 1.8 to 2.4°C colder, respectively, at the northern field site than at the southern field site. Fall shoot departure began at approximately the same time (day 289 to 290) at all three field sites, but complete shoot departure was extended by 3 wk at the southern site (day 336) compared with the northern site (day 317). T. piniperda adults were first captured in funnel traps on calendar day 86 at the northern site and on day 59 at the central and southern field sites. Peak flight occurred at approximately the same time (day 86) at all three sites. Within-shoot temperatures were very similar to air temperatures in the fall and aboveground inside-bark temperatures were similar to air temperatures in the spring. Average predicted dates based on historical temperature records varied by 31 d for initial shoot departure and 84 d for initial spring flight between northern Michigan and southern Indiana. Because considerable variation can occur in T. piniperda behavior across a broad geographic range, dates specified in the U.S. Federal quarantine should be adjusted according to local temperatures.

Keywords: Scolytidae; Tomicus piniperda; flight initiation; north-south gradient; shoot departure

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.6.1195

Publication date: December 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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