Unusual Acetylenic Sex Pheromone of Grape Leaffolder (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

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The female-produced sex pheromone of grape leaffolder, Desmia funeralis (Hübner), has been identified as a blend of (Z,Z)-11,13-hexadecadienal, 11-hexadecynal, and (Z)-11-hexadecenal. The first two components were essential for attraction of male moths, whereas the third compound was not essential, but increased trap catches approximately twofold when added in appropriate doses to the optimum blend of the other two components. In field tests, male moths were trapped equally well in traps baited with pheromone doses of 0.2 to >6 mg, and lures remained attractive for at least 5 wk.

Keywords: (Z; (Z)-11-hexadecenal; 11-hexadecynal; 13-hexadecadienal; Desmia funeralis; Z)-11; sex pheromone

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.4.692

Publication date: August 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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