Effects of Transgenic Bt Corn on Growth and Development of the Stalk Borer Papaipema nebris (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

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Abstract:

This study assessed the efficacy of two different genetic events, event Bt 11 (Cry1Ab) and event CBH351 (Cry 9C), in Bt corn against two instar classes of the stalk borer Papaipema nebris across three different plant stages (V1, V3, and V5) of corn, Zea mays. Class A includes instars 1 and 2, and class B includes instars 3 and 4. Stalk borer response and development over time were measured, and the data from 1999 and 2000 show that the Bt corn does have some effect on the feeding and development of P. nebris. Injury to the corn plant was reduced, although not eliminated. Stalk borer larvae caused significantly (P = 0.0001) more injury to the non-Bt plants than to the Bt plants over time. Growth and development of the larvae were slowed and mortality was higher for Bt corn than for non-Bt corn. These data suggest that planting Bt corn may benefit growers by reducing, but not eliminating, stalk borer infestations and subsequent plant injury.

Keywords: Bt corn; Lepidoptera; Noctuidae; Papaipema nebris; maize

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.3.622

Publication date: June 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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