Influence of Alfalfa Cultivar on Suitability of Acyrthosiphon kondoi (Homoptera: Aphididae) for Survival and Development of Hippodamia convergens and Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

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Abstract:

Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville and Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) larvae were supplied daily with 1, 2, 4, or 16 mg of Acyrthosiphon kondoi Shinji (Homoptera: Aphididae) reared on one of two susceptible (‘OK08’ or ‘CUF-101’) or one resistant (‘54H55’) alfalfa cultivar (Medicago sativa L.). Hippodamia convergens survived to the adult stage when supplied with ≥1 mg of A. kondoi per day from both susceptible and aphid-resistant cultivars, whereas C. septempunctata required ≥2 mg of A. kondoi per day (from each cultivar) for survival to the adult stage. For both H. convergens and C. septempunctata, no consistent differences in survivorship or developmental times were observed between predator larvae supplied with increasing daily levels of A. kondoi from susceptible (OKO8 or CUF-101) versus resistant (54H55) cultivars. Additionally, alfalfa cultivar had no indirect influence on adult weight of H. convergens or C. septempunctata. Results from our study suggest that the resistant alfalfa cultivar (54H55) would have little to no effect on the nutritional value of A. kondoi for ladybeetle predators.

Keywords: Acyrthosiphon kondoi; Coccinellidae; host plant resistance; tritrophic interactions

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.3.552

Publication date: June 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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