Chemical Control of Penthaleus major (Acari: Prostigmata) in Hayfields in Iceland

Authors: Gudleifsson, B. E.; Hallas, T. E.; Olafsson, S.; Sveinsson, T.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 95, Number 2, April 2002 , pp. 307-312(6)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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The plant parasitic mite Penthaleus major (Dug├Ęs) occurs as a pest on perennial grasses in hayfields in Iceland, northern Norway, and southern Greenland. In these areas it appears as a summer phenomenon, contrary to more southern locations, where it appears as a pest on winter crops. Up to 500 individuals of P. major were collected per day in pitfall traps. Spring application of 44 ml/ha of permethrin and 5 ml of deltamethrin significantly reduced but did not eliminate the populations of P. major the following weeks. In addition to this immediate effect, spring application also decreased the mite populations in the fall and even the following spring. Additional effects might be obtained by earlier spring application. Despite a significant reduction in mite populations and reduction in visible plant damage, significant differences on dry matter yield were rarely registered. A side effect of application was a small but significant reduction in potassium-content of the yield, and the reduction in mite population was accompanied by a corresponding reduction in the number of spiders.

Keywords: Iceland; Penthaleus major; chemical control; hayfields; permethrin; winter grain mite

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: April 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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