Factors Affecting Capture of Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae) in Traps Placed in Stored Wheat

Authors: Toews, M. D.; Phillips, T. W.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 95, Number 1, February 2002 , pp. 200-207(8)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens), the rusty grain beetle, infests grain externally and is a common pest of stored wheat throughout the world. Detection and population estimation of this insect are important in avoiding discounts at the point of sale. Laboratory experiments compared number of insect captures in the WB II probe and PC trap in stored grain with a known insect density. Capture rates were strongly related to insect densities in wheat. In a simultaneous test of insect density, ranging from one to three insects per kilogram, and temperatures between 20 and 40°C, insect captures in WB II probe traps increased linearly with insect density in the grain but had a quadratic response to temperature. Hole density, ranging from 40 to 120 holes along a 15-cm stretch of the trap body, was unrelated to number of insect captures. Probe trap diameters ranging from 26 to 60 mm were also unrelated to insect captures. Finally, dead rusty grain beetles were recovered in probe traps. The recovery of dead insects increased with insect density when insects were found in an aggregated dispersal pattern, such as would be found following phosphine fumigation of grain. Experiments discussed here will help grain managers understand how probe traps may be used in C. ferrugineus population estimation.

Keywords: population estimation; probe traps; rusty grain beetle; stored grain; stored products; temperature

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.1.200

Publication date: February 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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