Beauveria bassiana as a Pathogen of the Mexican Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Under Laboratory Conditions

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Abstract:

Bioassays were carried out under controlled conditions (27 ± 2°C, 80 ± 5% RH, and a photoperiod of 12:12 [L:D] h) to evaluate the effect of eight strains of the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana upon larvae, pupae, and adult females of the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew). Mortality of the immature stages was low, 2–8% in larvae and 0% in pupae. However, very high levels of mortality were obtained for adult flies, with values of 100, 98, and 98% for the strains Bb16, Bb24, and Bb 26, respectively. LC50 values for these three strains ranged from 3.12 × 106 to 9.07 × 106 conidia/ml. Lethal time 50 (LT50) was 2.8, 3.7, and 4.2 d for Bb16, Bb26, and Bb24 strains, respectively, with an average LT50 of 4.4 d across all strains. The fungal mycelium emerged through the soft parts of the exoskeleton, such as the wing bases, mouth, intersegmental regions of the legs, and membranous regions of the abdomen, coxae, and neck. Maximum percentage sporulation ranged from 66.4 to 74.7% for the three most virulent strains.

Keywords: Anastrepha ludens; Beauveria bassiana; bioassays; entomopathogen; fruit flies; virulence

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.1.36

Publication date: February 1, 2002

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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