The Ivomec SR Bolus for Control of Boophilus annulatus (Acari: Ixodidae) on Cattle in South Texas

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Abstract:

When Hereford heifers infested with Boophilus annulatus (Say) were treated with a single Ivomec SR Bolus, the concentration of ivermectin in the serum of the treated cattle reached a maximum of 8.8 ± 0.9 ppb at 2 wk posttreatment. The single bolus treatment resulted in 84.4% control of standard engorging B. annulatus females on treated cattle over the 20-wk trial. Although fewer engorged ticks were collected from the sentinel heifers exposed in the treated pasture than those in the control pasture at weeks 4, 10, and 16 posttreatment, none of the differences was statistically significant. Each exposure of sentinel cattle found free-living ticks in both the treated and control pastures, indicating the infestation was not eliminated by the treatment. When the trial was repeated using two Ivomec SR Boluses/heifer, the concentration of ivermectin in the serum of the treated cattle reached a maximum level of 31.2 ± 3.9 ppb at week 13 posttreatment. The use of two boluses/heifer resulted in 99.6% control of standard engorging B. annulatus females over the 20-wk trial. No ticks were found on sentinels placed in the treated pasture after week 9 posttreatment, an indication that the treatment had eliminated the free-living population in the treated pasture. From these studies, we conclude that a single Ivomec SR Bolus is incapable of sufficient control of B. annulatus to meet the rigid requirements of the Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program in South Texas. Although two boluses per animal did eliminate the ticks from treated heifers and the pasture they were in, the treatment would not be sufficiently efficacious for mature cattle (>400 kg) for it to be useful in the program.

Keywords: Boophilus annulatus; ivermectin; sustained release bolus

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-94.6.1622

Publication date: December 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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