Droplet Size and Spray Volume Effects on Insecticide Deposit and Mortality of Heliothine (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae in Cotton
Authors: Reed, J. T.; Smith, D. B.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 94, Number 3, June 2001 , pp. 640-647(8)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Effects of droplet size and volumetric application rate of tractor-applied lambda cyhalothrin (Karate Z 2.08 SC) on larval tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (F.), mortality and insecticide deposition on and within the canopy of mature cotton were explored by use of a laboratory bioassay incorporating field-sprayed cotton and a field trial incorporating natural insect infestations. Insecticide was applied in all combinations of three distinct droplet sizes and three volumetric application rates. Mortality of third-instar tobacco budworm occurring in leaf-disk bioassays was highly correlated with insecticide deposits (μg/leaf disk) at upper- and midcanopy levels. At the upper canopy level, mortality was negatively correlated with volumetric application rate and was not significantly correlated with droplet size. Deposit was negatively correlated with volumetric application rate at the lower plant level and larval mortality decreased with increasing droplet size. Results from this study do not support the recommendations of high volumetric application rates; and although droplet size was less influential than volumetric application rate in deposit and insect mortality, the data indicate a significant trend toward increased midcanopy larval mortality with smaller droplets.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-06-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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