Influence of Timing and Prey Availability on Fruit Damage to Apple by Campylomma verbasci (Hemiptera: Miridae)
Authors: REDING, MICHAEL E.; BEERS, ELIZABETH H.; BRUNNER, JAY F.; DUNLEY, JOHN E.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 94, Number 1, February 2001 , pp. 33-38(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Campylomma verbasci Meyer is a zoophytophagous mirid that feeds on small arthropods as well as apple (Malus domestica Borkhausen) fruits, causing economic damage to some cultivars. The influence of timing and prey availability on the amount of fruit damage was studied to determine whether either factor could be used to refine a management program. C. verbasci nymphs were caged on branches of fruiting ‘Golden Delicious’ apple trees during the period from bloom through early fruit set. The greatest amount of fruit damage occurred during the bloom period; little or no damage occurred after fruit reached ≈13 mm in diameter. The availability of prey did not reduce the incidence of fruit damage by C. verbasci, nor did it influence the survival of nymphs. Nymphal survival was higher, however, in cages where a blossom or fruitlet was present versus a vegetative spur. These data support the hypothesis that post petal fall insecticide applications (those made after the fruit is greater than ≈10–13 mm in diameter) are not useful in preventing economic levels of fruit damage in Washington State, and that petal fall applications would only prevent a fraction of the total amount of damage by this pest. The data from this study do not support the hypothesis that manipulating arthropod prey species of C. verbasci will prevent fruit damage. There was evidence to support the hypothesis that nymphs can survive a relatively short period (7 d) without arthropod prey.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-02-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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