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Fourteen cations were tested at a 1% concentration (wt:wt), as chlorides, for their effects on the biological activity of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), nuclear polyhedrosis virus (LdMNPV). Cupric chloride was toxic to gypsy moth larvae. Ferrous and ferric chloride were inhibitory to larval growth and development as well as to virus activity. Strontium chloride was inhibitory to virus activity but had no apparent effects on gypsy moth larvae. Six cations had little or no effect on virus activity (i.e., calcium, lanthanum, magnesium, nickel, potassium, sodium), whereas four cations (i.e., cobalt, manganese, ruthenium, zinc) acted as viral enhancers, as indicated by reductions in LC50s.
Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.