Susceptibility of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Populations in Mexico to Commercial Formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis

Authors: Díaz-Gomez, Ovidio; Rodríguez, J. C.; Shelton, A. M.; Lagunes-T, A.; Bujanos-M, R.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 93, Number 3, June 2000 , pp. 963-970(8)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

Populations of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), sampled from commercial fields of crucifers in three states of Mexico, were tested for susceptibility to commercial formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Berliner) (Dipel 2X), B. thuringiensis subsp. aizawai (XenTari), delta endotoxin Cry 1C (MC), and CryIA(c) (MVP), and a mixture of B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and subsp. aizawai (Agree). Leaf-dip bioassays confirmed variation in susceptibility of up to 13-fold for MVP, 12-fold for Dipel 2X, sevenfold for XenTari, fivefold for Agree, and less than fivefold for MC. Comparisons with previously published data indicate that at least the 12-fold variation in Dipel 2X would result in significant differences in control in the field. Based on the LC99 values observed for the products, we propose discriminating concentrations for each product. To ensure continued performance in the field we suggest that a resistance monitoring program be implemented to detect any changes in susceptibility to B. thuringiensis products and specific toxins and that their use be restricted to one generation per crop and that they be rotated with other groups of insecticides. Furthermore, we suggest enforcement of a crucifer host-free period and the development and implementation of cultural and biological control strategies to reduce overall population pressure so that fewer insecticidal treatments will be needed.

Keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; Plutella xylostella; resistance

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-93.3.963

Publication date: June 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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