Evaluation of Horn Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from a Pyrethroid Susceptible Colony for General and Permethrin Esterase Activities
Authors: Pruett, John H.; Oehler, Delbert D.; Kammlah, Diane M.; Guerrero, Felix D.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 93, Number 3, June 2000 , pp. 920-924(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:In this study we describe a nonradioactive single-fly microassay for permethrin hydrolysis. We used this assay with a microplate assay for general esterase activity to evaluate the permethrin hydrolyzing and general esterase activities of aging pyrethroid-susceptible male and female horn flies, Haematobia irritans (L.). We found substantial gender- and age-related differences regarding general esterase activity, permethrin sensitivity, and permethrin hydrolyzing activity within the colony. Extracts of female flies collected 48 h after receiving their first blood meal yielded significantly greater esterase activity than male extracts. Aging female flies were more tolerant of permethrin than were male flies. In addition, a positive correlation was found to exist between the general esterase activity of aging females and their ability to hydrolyze permethrin.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2000-06-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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